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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The issue of STD’s is an issue that requires effective control because the number of people getting infected yearly is a point of concern. There has been a far reaching public health aid for the sexual and the reproductive health of the various individuals and the long term health and the health care costs of communities. The profound identification and the effective and vital clinical management of STD’s represent an important combined strategy that is imperative to improve the reproductive and the sexual health and to improve HIV prevention efforts. STD infections also pose the most critical problems to both the women, adolescents and infants because the untreated infections will frequently result in severe and long term complications which includes the facilitating of HIV infection, adverse pregnancy outcomes, cancer and infertility. It is therefore vital to exercise control on this emerging issue and that is the major reason for the choice of the study and the topic at hand.

Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States alone with an estimated of almost 4 million cases occurring on an annual basis (US department of health and human services, 2005). Some of these infections may also cause problems with the ability of women to get pregnant posing another risk factor associated with the adverse condition. It is often understood that while the infections are majorly spread by sexual intercourse some may also be spread by non-sexual contact such as through contaminated tissues, blood, breastfeeding and also during childbirth. A regular and most preferably annual screening of sexually active women who are less than 25 years of age is recommended as is the screening of older women with the risk factors for example those with multiple sexual partners or a new sexual partner (US preventive services task force, 2001).

I would be interested in exploring two major questions, one being the most effective treatment method for STD patients and how health care providers can also assist in the prevention of the infections. An evaluation on the number of sexual partners is an important step for effective treatment of patients suffering from the infection. It is also vital for health providers to assist in the prevention of this infection through various counseling and educational sessions (Worwoski & Berman, 2014).This is very important to analyze to help in curbing the infection and bringing it under control hence reducing the number of women and adolescents being infected annually.

References:

  • US department of Health and Human services (2005). Centers for Disease control and prevention. Sexually transmitted diseases surveillance. Atlanta GA.
  • US preventive services task force. Screening for chlamydial infection: (2001). Recommendations and rationale. Am J Med.
  • Weinstock, H. Berman, S. Cates, W. (2004). Sexually transmitted diseases among American youth: Incidence and prevalence estimates. Perspex sex repro’d Health.
  • Worwoski, .A. K. and Berman, M. S. (2014). Centers for disease control and prevention. STD treatment guidelines.

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